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Market-Based Solutions to Vital Economic Issues

Economic Development

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On Wednesday, September 22, Piedmont Capital Partners Co-founder and Managing Partner Louise Brady and Partner Bobby Long joined UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School Dean Doug Shackelford to kick off the 2021-2022 Dean’s Speaker Series. Check out their fireside chat to hear the experts’ takes on economic regionalism, the industries most ripe for investment and growth amid and beyond COVID-19, and the role business should play to stem the pandemic-induced exodus of women from the workforce.

Christian Lundblad, UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School Professor of Finance and Kenan Institute Director of Research, joined WRAL's Debra Morgan to discuss the state's uneven economic recovery due to employee fear of being exposed to coronavirus. Lundblad said business vaccine mandates will help alleviate those fears and draw more people back to work.

The CREATE center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in partnership with the AOM Technology and Innovation Management (TIM) division, is pleased to organize the “Emergence: Organizations, Markets, Platforms, and Regions” conference. The conference seeks to unpack the processes of emergence and re-emergence that are core to creating prosperous economies.

Seven powerful demographic trends—analogous to gale force wind gusts in an adverse weather event—constitute potentially powerful disruptors of business and commerce in the years ahead. Four of the gale force demographic disruptors—slowing total and foreign-born population growth, white population loss, and declining fertility— have evolved over the past several decades.

Over the last two decades, executive compensation research has focused primarily on equity-based pay and incentives emanating from executives’ firm-specific equity portfolios, while generally ignoring cash-based bonus plans as a second order effect. Exploiting access to new data sources, there has been a revival of interest by accounting researchers in more deeply understanding the value adding roles played by bonus plans. Earlier research viewed accounting measures in bonus plans through the lens of effort incentives-risk premium trade-offs derived from classical principal-agent theory. In contrast, the recent literature emphasizes the idea that cash-based bonus plans play an important communication role in which a board’s performance measure choices reveal to outsiders the firm’s commitment to specific strategic objectives and facilitate the coordination of behavior across executives inside the firm. Public observability of bonus plans then provides a basis for investors and competitors to assess a firm’s strategic direction, and for investors to hold managers accountable for strategy execution. Building on my discussion of Bloomfield, Gipper, Kepler and Tsui (2021) in the 2020 Journal of Accounting and Economics Conference, my objective in this paper is to synthesize and critique key results from this recent literature and offer ideas for future research.

Could new legislation help drive the development of local tech clusters – and the growth of corresponding economic power and development – beyond Silicon Valley? In this week’s Kenan Insight, our experts explore the gravitational pull of Big Tech along with what it could mean if startups across the U.S. were better able to remain and grow in the communities where they launch.

While the COVID-19 pandemic was devastating for many, research shows its impact was not felt equally. Black Americans experienced disproportionate health and economic ramifications, which compounded the financial, social and psychological strain many felt pre-pandemic, and have contributed to growing inter-generational wealth disparities. In today’s Kenan Insight, our experts explore whether the multi-trillion dollar “Build Back Better” plan proposed by the Biden administration holds the potential to begin closing pervasive gaps in American society.

Theoretically, wealthier people should buy less insurance, and should self-insure through saving instead, as insurance entails monitoring costs. Here, we use administrative data for 63,000 individuals and, contrary to theory, and that the wealthier have better life and property insurance coverage. Wealth-related differences in background risk, legal risk, liquidity constraints, financial literacy, and pricing explain only a small
fraction of the positive wealth-insurance correlation.

Theoretically, wealthier people should buy less insurance, and should self-insure through saving instead, as insurance entails monitoring costs. Here, we use administrative data for 63,000 individuals and, contrary to theory, find that the wealthier have better life and property insurance coverage. Wealth-related differences in background risk, legal risk, liquidity constraints, financial literacy, and pricing explain only a small fraction of the positive wealth-insurance correlation. This puzzling correlation persists in individual fixed-effects models estimated using 2,500,000 person-month observations. The fact that the less wealthy have lower coverage, though intuitively they benefit more from insurance, might increase financial health disparities among households.

Kenan Institute Director of Research Christian Lundblad appeared on the Saturday, June 26 episode of WRAL's "On the Record." Lundblad joined host Lena Tillett, Virtue Events Owner Joye Speight, Pizzeria Toro Owner Gray Brooks and Zweli's Kitchen Owner Leonardo Williams to discuss the debate over how the government should be dealing with the post-COVID economy.

Our Economic Development Experts

Jeanne Milliken Bonds

Professor of the Practice, Impact Investment and Sustainable Finance, UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School

    Maryann P. Feldman

    S.K. Heninger Distinguished Professor of Public Policy and Professor of FinanceFaculty Director of CREATE

    Jim Johnson

    William R. Kenan Jr. Distinguished Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Director of the Urban Investment Strategies Center 

    Mark Little

    Executive Director, CREATE

    Centers & Initiatives

    Urban Investment Strategies Center

    Assessing demographic and economic trends in order to prescribe policy that leads to prosperity for the urban disadvantaged.

    NCGrowth

    Helping businesses create good jobs and helping communities create sustainable and equitable opportunities for their people.

    CREATE

    Helping to create a future where economic growth is more equitably shared.