We analyze why companies that receive private equity investments outperform their rivals. We show that rivals experience a decrease in their stock prices and their operating performance around private equity (PE) investments in their industry.
Using a novel database on venue short sales and market design characteristics, we ask: Where do short sellers exploit their information advantage?
We analyze a framework for understanding the impact of the equity lending market on share prices. Using very few assumptions, we show that the effect of shocks to the supply or demand for share ownership, the fraction of shares made available to short sellers by shareholders, short sale regulations, and disagreement among investors depends critically on whether a stock is hard to borrow or freely available.
We examine when anomaly returns occur. We use a powerful database that contains the precise date on which accounting information is first made public. Despite recent findings to the contrary, once timing is considered, anomalies exist in the data.
We find that equity loan fees are the best predictor of cross-sectional returns. When compared to 102 other anomalies, the loan fee anomaly has the highest monthly long-short return (1.17%), has the highest monthly Sharpe Ratio (0.40), and unlike other anomalies, exhibits strong persistence throughout the sample.
We use the 2008 short selling regulations to test whether short sale restrictions can increase informed short selling. For the preborrow requirement, we find more negative price reactions to short interest announcements though no reliable increase in the price impact of short sales volume.