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Market-Based Solutions to Vital Economic Issues


Market-Based Solutions to Vital Economic Issues

state and local tax


Join the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center and the UNC Tax Center for their annual conference in Washington, D.C.

The Biden administration has proposed several multi-trillion dollar initiatives to invest more federal dollars in infrastructure, education, healthcare and more. However, these big-ticket items come at a significant cost, which President Biden hopes to cover through tax reforms. Proposed changes could affect individual income taxes for high earners, corporate taxes, international taxes and capital gains – and needless to say, the proposed reforms have drawn both strong critics and supporters. As dizzying negotiations and politicking continue in Washington, two of our experts unpack the proposed tax changes and their potential impacts on businesses and households in this week’s Kenan Insight.

Jeff Hoopes, research director of the Kenan Institute-affiliated UNC Tax Center, weighed in as part of The Washington Post’s coverage of the recent ProPublica report on how America’s wealthiest individuals pay little to no income tax.

North Carolina just inked an $850 million deal with Apple. CREATE Faculty Director Maryann Feldman wants the state to invest at least as much in its school-age residents.

Mar 30, 2021

Tax Boycotts

To what extent do consumers boycott in response to corporate tax planning? Anecdotes suggest consumer boycotts are a meaningful deterrent to tax planning, but empirical evidence on their frequency and impact is lacking. We undertake a comprehensive study to examine how consumers’ purchase behavior relates to corporate tax planning.

As we approach the one-year mark of state-issued stay-at-home orders, the short- and long-term impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic on state coffers is still being assessed. With businesses forced to close and unemployment at near-record levels, state policymakers are scrambling to find ways to make up for lost tax revenue. In this Kenan Insight, we look at both the challenges and opportunities for balancing state budgets in light of this new economic reality.

A July 2020 analysis conducted by the Urban Institute estimated states would lose $200 billion in tax revenue through the June 2021 fiscal period due to COVID-19. How states manage this shortfall will impact individuals and businesses. In partnership with the AICPA, our expert panel will share the latest revenue projections and provide insight into actions states are and will be taking to increase revenue.

The book’s focus comes from integrating the tax law with the fundamentals of corporate finance and microeconomics. Through integration with traditional business school topics, the book provides a framework for understanding how taxes affect decision making, asset prices, equilibrium returns, and the financial and operational structure of firms. Relative to legal-based tax books, this text focuses more on the economic consequences of alternative contracting arrangements than on the myriad details and exceptions of the tax laws governing the arrangements.

A recent article by AARP compares the tax landscape in North Carolina with surrounding states, and discusses how North Carolina tax breaks for older residents fall short of those offered by other states, such as South Carolina. The article quotes Jim Johnson, director of Education, Aging, and Economic Development for the Kenan Institute, on what older Americans consider when choosing where to spend their retirement years.

Aug 11, 2017

2017 UNC Tax Symposium

This April, the UNC Tax Center once again welcomed guests from across the country and around the world to Chapel Hill for our 20th Annual UNC Tax Symposium. The event was a great success, with participants ranging from academic researchers in accounting, finance, law and economics to policymakers and practitioners with an interest in evidence-based tax research.

Many online retail firms (e-tailers) do not collect sales tax from the majority of their customers, providing these firms a potential competitive advantage over traditional retailers. We examine stock market returns and analysts’ sales forecast revisions surrounding federal legislative proposals, such as the Marketplace Fairness Act, that could erode this alleged competitive advantage for e-tailers. Following events that indicated an increased likelihood of federal sales tax legislation, we find negative abnormal stock returns for e-tail firms relative to traditional retail firms. We also find that analysts forecast a future reduction in sales revenue for e-tailers. These findings imply the existence of a competitive advantage for e-tailers, which advantage will potentially diminish with the enactment of federal sales tax legislation.